A Jacobite Gazetteer - Spain

Madrid - Museo del Prado

The Museo del Prado in Madrid features one of the world's finest collections of European art. There are a number of paintings of Jacobite interest.

There is a portrait of Queen Mary Beatrice, second wife of King James II and VII.

Queen Mary Beatrice
Queen Mary Beatrice

There is a portrait of Queen Maria Clementina, wife of King James III and VIII, by Girolamo Pesci.1 It was painted in 1721, the same year that Pesci painted a portrait of King James with a page, and a portrait of Queen Maria Clementina with Prince Charles; both of these portraits are now at Stanford Hall.

In the Prado portrait Maria Clementina is shown standing three-quarter length. She rests her left hand on a table which has a flower and a crown on it. She is dressed very similarly to the Stanford Hall portrait. She wears a dress embroidered with pearls and jewels, with an ermine cape over her right shoulder.

Edward Corp says that the portrait was one of two identical works painted by Pesci, "one to be sent to Bayonne, the other for the Duchess of Mar".2

Queen Maria Clementina
Queen Maria Clementina, by Pesci

There is a portrait of Queen Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Sardinia (born Infanta of Spain), mother of King Charles IV and King Victor by Amigoni.

Queen Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Sardinia
Queen Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Sardinia

There is a portrait by Giuseppe Duprà of Maria Antonia Ferdinanda with two of her daughters.3

Queen Maria Cristina of Spain
Queen Maria Cristina of Spain

There is a portrait of Queen Maria Cristina of Spain, half-sister of Queen Mary IV and III, by Raimundo de Madrazo y Garreta.4

There is a portrait of Don Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart y Falcó, 10th Duke of Berwick, by Mikhail Alexandrovich Werboff.5 It was donated to the Prado by the artist in 1960.

10th Duke of Berwick
10th Duke of Berwick

There are portraits of Lady Mary Drummond, Condessa de Castelblanco, and of her husband the Duke of St. Andrew's and Castelblanco. Lady Mary Drummond was the second daughter of the 1st Duke of Melfort. She married Don Josť de Bozas, Conde de Castelblanco, "an active Jacobite, who was much engaged in the attempts to restore the Stuarts".6 Lady Mary died in 1713. On February 4, 1717, Don Josť was raised by King James III and VIII to the Peerage of Scotland as Duke of St. Andrews and Castelblanco, Marquess of Borland, Earl of Fordan, Viscount of the Bass, and Lord Divron. After the death of his first wife, he married her sister Lacy Frances Drummond.

The portrait of the Condessa de Castelblanco is attributed by the Prado to Jean-Baptist Oudry, but it is virtually identical to a portrait in the Musée de Beaux Arts in Montréal by Nicolas de Largillièrre.7 She is portrayed as the Greek goddess Astrea. She wears a silver-brocade dress with a pink silk shawl. In her left hand she holds a staff, and with her right hand she pets a small white dog. In the lower left corner of the Prado painting is the Condessa's coat-of-arms; this is not present in the Monté version.

Lady Mary Drummond
Lady Mary Drummond, Countess of Castelblanco

Duke of St. Andrews
Duke of St. Andrew's and Castelblanco


1 The oil on canvas painting measures 102 cm high and 80 cm wide. Girolamo Pesci was born in Rome in 1684 and died in the same city in 1759.

2 Edward Corp, The King Over the Water: Portraits of the Stuarts in Exile after 1689 (Scottish National Portrait Gallery, 2001), 61.

3 Jesus Urrea Fernández, La Pintura Italiana del Diglo XVIII en España (Valladolid: Departamento de Historia del Arte, 1977), 428. The painting measures 145 cm high and 112 cm wide. Giuseppe Duprà was born in Turin in 1703 and died in 1784. He painted numerous portraits for the Savoy family.

4 The painting measures 58 cm high and 42 cm wide. Raimundo de Madrazo y Garreta was born in Rome in 1841, and died in Versailles in 1920.

5 The oil on canvas painting measures 77 cm high and 63 cm wide. Mikhail Alexandrovich Werboff was born in the Ukraine in 1896, and died in New York in 1996. He painted numerous portraits of public personalites: kings, politicians, and artists.

6 Melville de Massue de Ruvigny, The Jacobite Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage & Grants of Honour (Edinburgh: T.C. & E.C. Jack, 1904), 161.

7 "Nicolas de Largillierre: Portrait of a Woman as Astrea, probably Mary Josephine Drummond, Condesa de Castelblanco". http://www.mbam.qc.ca/en/provenance/oeuvre_329.html. The Montré portrait was formerly owned by Baron Edmond de Rothschild.

Image 1 (Queen Mary Beatrice): Museo del Prado.

Image 2 (Queen Maria Clementina, by Pesci): Corp, 61.

Image 3 (Queen Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Sardinia): Museo del Prado.

Image 4 (Queen Maria Cristina of Spain): Wikimedia.

Image 5 (10th Duke of Berwick): https://www.jfklibrary.org.

Image 6 (Lady Mary Drummond, Countess of Castelblanco): Wikimedia.

Image 7 (Duke of St. Andrew's and Castelblanco): Wikimedia.

This page is maintained by Noel S. McFerran (noel.mcferran@rogers.com) and was last updated June 10, 2018.
© Noel S. McFerran 2009-2018.