The Succession to the Throne, August 1714

On August 1, 1714, the Princess Anne of Denmark died at Kensington Palace. For the previous twelve years she had usurped the royal style in spite of the fact that her brother, King James III and VIII, was alive and residing in the Duchy of Lorraine (now part of France).

In 1701 the Prince of Orange had given his assent to the Act of Settlement which excluded Catholics from the succession. It provided that at Anne's death without issue she should be succeeded by that prince who was next in line to the throne and held the Protestant religion. In August of 1714 this was the Elector George I of Hanover.

By the provisions of the Act of Settlement (1701) some forty-eight Catholics were in 1714 excluded from the succession on account of their religion. This religious bigotry is the foundation of the Hanoverian-Windsor dynasty.

James III and VIII, by the Grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland

  1. Anna Maria, Queen of Sardinia, born Princess of Orléans
  2. Vittorio Amadeo, Prince of Piedmont
  3. Prince Carlo Emanuele of Sardinia, later King of Sardinia
  4. Louis XV, King of France and Navarre
  5. Luis, Prince of Asturias, later King of Spain
  6. Prince Felipe of Spain
  7. Prince Fernando of Spain, later King of Spain
  8. Elizabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Orléans, born Princess of the Palatinate
  9. Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
  10. Prince Louis of Orléans
  11. Princess Louise Elisabeth of Orléans, Dowager Duchess of Berry
  12. Princess Adélaïde of Orléans, Mademoiselle d'Orléans, later Abbess of Chelles
  13. Princess Charlotte of Orleans, Mademoiselle de Valois, later Duchess of Modena
  14. Princess Louise Elisabeth of Orléans, Mademoiselle de Montpensier, later Queen of Spain
  15. Elisabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Lorraine, born Princess of Orléans
  16. Prince Leopold of Lorraine
  17. Prince Francis Stephen of Lorraine, later Duke of Lorraine and Holy Roman Emperor
  18. Prince Charles of Lorraine
  19. Princess Elisabeth Thérèse of Lorraine, later Queen of Sardinia
  20. Princess Anne Charlotte of Lorraine
  21. Ludwig Otto, Prince of Salm
  22. Princess Dorothea Franziska Agnes of Salm, later Princess of Salm-Salm
  23. Princess Elisabeth Alexandrine Charlotte of Salm, later Princess of Ligne
  24. Princess Christine Anna Luise Oswaldine of Salm, later Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg and then later Princess of Salm-Salm
  25. Princess Luise of Salm
  26. Eleonore Christina, Duchess of Ursel, born Princess of Salm
  27. Anna, Dowager Princess of Condé, born Countess Palatine of Simmern
  28. Louis IV, Prince of Condé and Duke of Bourbon
  29. Prince Charles of Condé Count of Charolais
  30. Prince Louis of Condé, Count of Clermont-en-Argonne
  31. Princess Marie Anne of Condé, Abbess of Maubuisson
  32. Louise Elizabeth, Princess of Conti, born Princess of Condé
  33. Princess Louise Anne of Condé
  34. Princess Marie Anne of Condé, later Duchess of Joyeuse
  35. Princess Henriette Louise of Condé, later Abbess of Beaumont-les-Tours
  36. Princess Elizabeth Alexandrine of Condé
  37. Marie Therese, Princess of Conti, born Princess of Condé
  38. Louis Armand II, Prince of Conti and Duke of Mercoeur
  39. Marie Anne, Princess of Condé, born Princess of Conti
  40. Princess Louise Adelaide of Conti
  41. Benedicte, Duchess of Maine, born Princess of Condé
  42. Louis II Auguste, Duke of Aumale, Prince of Dombes
  43. Louis Charles, Count of Eu, later Prince of Dombes
  44. Louise Francoise, Mademoiselle du Maine
  45. Marie Anne de Bourbon-Condé, Mademoiselle de Montmorency
  46. Benedikte Henriette, Dowager Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg, born Countess Palatine of Simmern
  47. Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena
  48. Prince Giovanni Federigo d'Este
  49. Princess Benedetta Ernestina d'Este
  50. Princess Anna Amaila Giuseppa d'Este
  51. Princess Enrichetta Maria d'Este, later Duchess of Parma, and then later Princess Leopold of Hesse-Darmstadt
  52. Duchess Henriette of Brunswick-Lüneburg
  53. Wilhelmine Amalie, Empress-Elect, born Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
  54. Archduchess Marie Josefa of Austria, later Queen of Poland and Electress of Saxony
  55. Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria, later Holy Roman Empress-Elect
  56. George I, Elector of Hanover

This page is maintained by Noel S. McFerran ( and was last updated November 22, 2008.
© Noel S. McFerran 1998-2008.